How Earthquake Insurance Works
If you rent your residence, you only need earthquake coverage for your personal property in the building, not for the entire structure. The same is true for condo dwellers, as you don’t need to cover the building where you live — just what you own in your unit.
If you own the entire property where you live, you’ll want coverage for both the structures and their contents, including furnishings, appliances, and other personal belongings. Often, you can insure multiple structures separately, each with its own deductible. For example, if only your detached garage is damaged in an earthquake, you don't pay the larger deductible associated with your home.